The Levantine Rock Art in Aragon is a unique cultural manifestation that corresponds to a society of hunter-gatherers and, later, farmers who inhabited the main mountain ranges and mountainous landscapes of this Autonomous Community between the end of the Epipaleolithic and the beginning of the Metal Age.
The core of the Alto Guadalope and Maestrazgo, specifically in the extensive area of Castellote, the following sites can be found:
- Coat of the Vacada. Ladruñán. This set contains at least 72 figures, with a central scene of a herd of bovids and also about fifteen archers, 4 goats, 2 deer, an ass, an equid, a possible feline and a woman.
- Arenal de La Fonseca shelter. Ladruñán. Once known as the Cueva del Ángel, it is an important collection of Levantine engravings, in which the naturalistic paintings are very deteriorated.
- Archer’s Coat. Ladruñán. This coat, very smoked for having served as a shelter where fire was lit, preserves eight figures that in the main scene contain a woman with short skirt to below the knees and an archer, also appears a woman in a bent posture and other figures such as a goat, traces of a wounded animal and an archer.
- Torico del Pudial shelter. Ladruñán. This coat has only a bull in profile to the left in a purplish-red spot color.
- Open frieze of the Pudial. Ladruñán. Located about 100 meters from the Arquero shelter, it contains 5 pumpkin-colored ochre figures, an incomplete goat and 4 men.
We also find a representation of Paleolithic Art, being this the main artistic manifestation of the nomadic groups of hunter-gatherers who populated these lands between 30000 – 10000 BC. This is the Abrigo del Barranco Hondo, which containsengraved representations including a deer and a doe, and remains of other figures outlined with a simple incised line, very secure and shallow.
The representations of this type of rock art are of a naturalistic and figurative nature, with two main themes: figures of hunting animals and more or less geometric representations of a symbolic or abstract nature.