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Bird watching

Aragon is characterized by a varied avifauna, in accordance with the richness of habitats in its territory, and as a consequence of the different biogeographical factors: relief, climate, soil type, altitude and orientation. A privileged area for this is the Iberian System, a group of mountain ranges from mid-mountain to totally Mediterranean, with a low density of human population, among which is the Maestrazgo. Summits and moors above 1,000 meters, coniferous and Quercus forests and abundance of riverine cliffs, an ideal habitat for numerous species of birds.

A large part of Maestrazgo is part of the ZEPA Guadalope River – Maestrazgo (Zone of Special Interest for Birds), which extends over 55,000 hectares along the Guadalope River and its headwater tributaries, with the largest territories, precisely, in the Maestrazgo region.

Recommendations for birdwatching

To go out into the field and dedicate ourselves to birdwatching, it is necessary to bring binoculars and a field guide where we can look for and consult the species we find. It is highly recommended to add a notebook for taking notes and a camera. A ground-based telescope helps a lot at very long distances.

Knowing the different sounds emitted by birds allows us to considerably increase our list of observations, so it is best to carry recordings that include the names of each species. The most practical thing to do is to wear comfortable clothes in discreet tones, go alone or in small groups and move slowly and quietly.

Any time of the year is good for bird watching, each season has its typical species: summer, wintering, migratory and resident. Birds can be found anywhere, even in highly urbanized areas.

It is essential to put the welfare and tranquility of the birds before our activity, try not to get too close, do not leave trails and paths to avoid stepping on vegetation, respect reserves and restricted areas.

There are several critical times for birds, not only breeding, but also during migrations when they are resting from their long journeys.